Verses likewise constitute a narrative complete in itself. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Whatever points of disagreement there may be in this particular. It is worth exploring all the strands we have, for in one way or another they each tend to contribute light to the total picture. At any rate, whatever use or abuse they may have made of the information they had, there can really be no doubt that they DID have information of this sort, and this information seems never to have been entirely lost sight of from New Testament times to the present. This man was an unusually gifted individual.

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One might suppose that the rendering of Hebrew into English is a rather straightforward matter without any ambiguity whatsoever. But Dr. Custance shows that there are two permissible translations of the Hebrew associated with this phrase.

So it is possible that Genesis describes either a work in progress or a disrupted work that became chaotic. Which English translation best fits the meaning of the Hebrew original?

In this scholarly analysis, Dr. Custance observes the rules of linguistics, of grammar and syntax, and also examines how words are used in the rest of Scripture. Thus, Dr. Custance demonstrates that there can be a gap in time between Genesis and , a gap that allows for an ancient Earth, and a creation week that occurred only a few thousand years ago.

Custance contends that we should not allow science to determine what Scripture says. Neither should we allow Scripture to determine what the scientist observes in the laboratory.

Yet observed fact in the one cannot, ultimately, conflict with revealed fact in the other. Any conflict, then, is in the interpretation of the facts—not in the facts themselves. This book is considered a classic to Christian apologetics and has been described as the best argument that has ever been written for the Gap Theory.



It is a rare thing nowadays to find in a scholarly work on Genesis any acknowledgment of the fact that there is evidence of a discontinuity between the first two verses of Chapter One and that this was ever recognized by commentators until modern Geology arose to challenge the Mosaic cosmogony. The usual view is that when geologists "proved" the earth to be billions of year sold, conservative biblical students suddenly dis- covered a way of salvaging the Mosaic account by introducing a gap of unknown duration between these two verses. This is supposed to have solved the problem of time by an expeditious interpretation previously unrecognized. This convenient little device was attrib- uted by many to Chalmers of the middle of the last century, and popularized among "fundamentalists" by Scofield in the first quarter of the present century.

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Arthur Custance

Since almost all English translations render it the first way, one might be tempted to think that the answer is obvious, straightforward, and free from any ambiguity. What is termed the Gap Theory actually consists of two related but distinct views. The first, which forms the bulk of the book, is whether the Hebrew verb in Gen. There are a couple of claims that are often cited that do a lot of rhetorical work for critics of this view which, upon examination, are shown to be false. One is the idea that no Hebrew scholar supports or even gives any serious thought to this view.


Without Form and Void: A Study of the Meaning of Genesis 1:2

He received his early education there and moved to Canada at age He attended the University of Toronto where he obtained B. Custance obtained a Ph. In his scientific career, Custance "developed and designed respirator mask, mask-sizing meter, anthropometric facial contour measuring device. Custance asserts that the sin nature or the propensity to sin in Hebraic writings the yetzer hara is passed through the male line genetically, starting from the first Adam, thus allowing a full human genetic complement through Mary. This understanding of male transmission of the sin nature is one alternative to two other theories that consider the virgin birth as intrinsically connected to the sinless nature of the Messiah, necessary for the atoning sacrifice.



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