It is one of the themes frequently taken up by the Fathers, ecclesiastical writers and theologians. Do you believe this? This explains the commandment of digmitatis, known already in the Old Testament cf. The dignity of every human being and the vocation corresponding to that dignity find their definitive measure in union with God. He who loves his wife loves himself.

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In it the Pope set out the current Roman Catholic attitude towards women. You need to be able to explain the key ideas in the Mulieris Dignitatem and be able to consider how these teachings relate to the feminist ideas that you will explore as part of the OCR DCT course. The incarnation and thus salvation are dependent upon Jesus being born of a human mother.

The self-revelation of God She became united with God and involved in his divine plan in a way that was unique. No other human has been unite with God in such an intimate way.

Moreover, to be mother of God is a role which is only possible for a woman. It even exceeds the expectations of all Israel, in particular the daughters of this Chosen People, who, on the basis of the promise, could hope that one of their number would one day become the mother of the Messiah. Who among them, however, could have imagined that the promised Messiah would be "the Son of the Most High"? However, her role is also distinctive. The Virgin of Nazareth truly becomes the Mother of God.

Mary did not just give birth to Jesus, she presumably looked after him in his infancy as any mother would do.

Motherhood is more than just a bodily action it is something that involves the whole person. The Pope explained that this phrase must be put into its context. Therefore, her humility was a reflection of that fact.

Finally, the Pope said that Mary is a role model for both men and women because she symbolises the ultimate human relationship with God. Mary, the woman of the Bible, is the most complete expression of this dignity and vocation. For no human being, male or female, created in the image and likeness of God, can in any way attain fulfilment apart from this image and likeness. He took as his starting point the reference to the creation of humans in Genesis 1. None of the animals were a fit companion, the only companion that can be fit for man is one made out of man himself.

From the very beginning, both are persons, unlike the other living beings in the world about them. The woman is another "I" in a common humanity. From the very beginning they appear as a "unity of the two", and this signifies that the original solitude is overcome, the solitude in which man does not find "a helper fit for him" Gen Gen 1: 28?

Gen 2: Just as God is three in one humanity is two in one. However, God is immaterial, spiritual, non-physical and therefore has no biological gender. Jesus, the incarnate form of God does have gender but non-incarnate God does not.

Consequently, gendered language about God is allegorical and metaphorical. We anthropomorphize God in order to stress the personal nature of God. Pope John Paul II said that although Christianity tends to use male language of God there are also some instances in which the Bible describes women in female terms and imagery. O Israel, hope in the Lord". Ps Nevertheless, it contains important spiritual truths about sin. He stressed that the sin is performed by both man and woman and thus both are punished.

This is damaging to both man and woman but is more damaging for the woman. However, it becomes clear that Pope John Paul II did not necessarily envisage equality in quite the same way as many feminists do. Whilst he maintains that man and women are equally valuable he also thought that they are created to be different with a separate male and female essence.

Note: The passage that follows is important and you should be able to discuss it in relative detail. John Paul II explained that if women try to gain equality by trying to be like men then they will miss out on fulfilment because they will deny their own female essence.

In the name of liberation from male "domination", women must not appropriate to themselves male characteristics contrary to their own feminine "originality". There is a well-founded fear that if they take this path, women will not "reach fulfilment", but instead will deform and lose what constitutes their essential richness.

Hence a woman, as well as a man, must understand her "fulfilment" as a person, her dignity and vocation, on the basis of these resources, according to the richness of the femininity which she received on the day of creation and which she inherits as an expression of the "image and likeness of God" that is specifically hers.

Eve brought death into the world by her disobedience, Mary brought salvation through her obedience. Both Mary and Eve are archetypes, representing humanity rather than just themselves. Christ is likewise described as the new Adam by Paul. At times this caused wonder, surprise, often to the point of scandal: "They marvelled that he was talking with a woman" Jn , because this behaviour differed from that of his contemporaries. While "the rich were putting their gifts into the treasury Then Jesus said: "This poor widow has put in more than all of them In this way Jesus presents her as a model for everyone.

On the contrary, his words and works always express the respect and honour due to women. As we see, in this most arduous test of faith and fidelity the women proved stronger than the Apostles. Finally, the Pope referred to the Galatians teaching. This has sometimes been used to argue that there is no difference in the essence of men and women. John Paul II interpreted it differently.

In his view it means that salvation is open to both men and women. However, it does not deny that differences exist. This unity does not cancel out diversity. For example, in the passage on the adulterous woman he explained that women who commit adultery often end up bearing the whole burden of the adulterous act even though the men they commit adultery with have also sinned.

And besides the many "unwed mothers" in our society, we also must consider all those who, as a result of various pressures, even on the part of the guilty man, very often "get rid of" the child before it is born. Public opinion today tries in various ways to "abolish" the evil of this sin. There are other things that the Pope said that are less controversial but might be regarded as patronising and stereotypical.

The idea that women are especially sensitive to others obviously reflects the idea that men and women are created with different abilities and talents suited to their own particular vocation in life. A vocation is a calling, a special task given to people. Motherhood and virginity are, Pope John Paul II suggested, two different ways that women can fulfil their purpose.

Mary fulfilled both these vocations at once, but most women have to chose between the two! Motherhood: Pope John Paul II said that although the creation of a child obviously involves both parents, women play a more decisive role in the process. Parenthood - even though it belongs to both - is realise much more fully in the woman, especially in the prenatal period. It is the woman who "pays" directly for his shared generation, which literally absorbs the energies of her body and soul.

It is necessary that the man be fully aware that in their shared parenthood he owes a special debt to the woman. No programme of "equal rights" between women and men is valid unless it takes this fact fully into account.

Motherhood comes naturally to women and women are suited to that role both physically and psychologically. Pope John Paul II went on to provide an example of the way women are psychologically suited to child-rearing.

Their own female skills compliment the male skills of their husbands enabling men and women to work together in a productive partnership. Motherhood offers women an opportunity to gain human fulfilment through self-giving. In this openness, in conceiving and giving birth to a child, the woman "discovers herself through a sincere gift of self".

Virginity: The other aspect of female vocation is virginity. Although God creates people to be together each individual is valuable to God as they already are. At the same time they realise the personal value of their own femininity by becoming "a sincere gift" for God It is through this kind of love that a person becomes a gift for the other.

Mt This cannot be compared to remaining simply unmarried or single, because virginity is not restricted to a mere "no", but contains a profound "yes" in the spousal order: the gift of self for love in a total and undivided manner.


The Mulieris Dignitatem

Creating man and woman in his own image and likeness, God wills for them the fullness of good, or supernatural happiness, which flows from sharing in his own life. Stein was ahead of her time, and she warned against the direction in which the emancipation movement was going. In his encyclical letter, Haurietis Aquas, of the Pope accentuated a strong connection of consecration to the Heart of Jesus and that of Mary. Therefore the dignitatiz motherhood which makes itself felt in this vocation is also profoundly personal. Pope John Paul II said that although Christianity tends to use male language of God there are also some instances in which the Bible describes women in female terms and imagery.


Mulieris Dignitatem

Vudozragore Walking the Via Dolorosa to Muulieris, Jesus will say to the women: The whole Old Testament is mainly concerned with revealing the truth about the oneness and unity of God. Therefore the spiritual motherhood which makes itself felt in this vocation is also profoundly personal. He who loves his wife loves himself. Grace never casts nature aside or cancels it out, but rather perfects it and ennobles it. If a woman decides to work at home, she should be supported in that choice. At the same time Christ emphasized the originality which distinguishes women from men, all the richness lavished upon women in the mystery of creation.



Esto es lo que deseo tratar en el presente Documento. Ef 1,9. Act 17, Heb 1, Jn 1, Mc 10,

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