English The importance of this topic is due to its focus on the most critical concept in contemporary Islamic thought - that of Jihad, which occupies an important position in Sheikh Rashid Al-Ghannoushi the edifice of Islam. Those views, moreover, have an effect on relations between Muslims themselves, with their governments, and with non-Muslims, in view of the awakening witnessed across the Muslim world, both at the level of faith and the level of practice. This paper owes its importance to the position of the figure whose views on this crucial concept it attempts to present - that is Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, who occupies an important position in contemporary Islam, as testified by his role at various levels: at the intellectual level, his writings have exceeded works, covering all aspects of Islamic thought. In addition to his membership of the major intellectual and juristic councils, he was elected President of the International Union of Muslim Scholars, as well as being the chairman of the European Council for Fatwa and Research and a number of charity organisations, and a member of various Islamic Studies academic committees, including the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies.
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He became an orphan at the age of two, when he lost his father. He read and memorized the entire Quran by the time he was nine years old. He then joined the Institute of Religious Studies at Tanta , and graduated after nine years of study.
Al-Qaradawi has written of the lasting impact of this encounter, describing al Banna as "brilliantly radiating, as if his words were revelation or live coals from the light of prophecy. In the same year he founded the Centre of Seerah and Sunna Research. He also said that Qaradawi was encouraging the Muslim Brotherhood to suppress opposition when he made reference to hypocrites in his sermon.
That said, Islam remains an important framework for public debate and a reservoir of political symbolism. He also said that Israel and America heavily exploits from these groups by funding them since the s until the present-day to pursue their Western political agenda in controlling the vast wealth of oil, gas, coal and mine to further destabilized the natural-resource-rich Middle East and beyond. Qaradawi also said that if more terrorist attacks were to occur, Israel will greatly benefit from it as it will give boosts to the sales of Israeli security companies and firms to promote their high-tech equipment globally in both hard and software forms.
He compared them takfiri groups to dogs from Hell-fire for using religion to kill the innocents. He issued a fatwa edict in denouncing the Islamic State Daesh declaration of " caliphate " and its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as "invalid, null and void" from every aspect, every angle of the Islamic Sharia Law. He also puts emphasis on conversations with the West, including Jews, Christians, and secularists. He writes that this effort should differentiate itself from a debate , for the latter does not often result in mutual cooperation.
Regarding the rights and citizenship of non-Muslim minorities, Qaradawi has said, "those people who live under the protection of an Islamic government enjoy special privileges. From the earliest period of Islam to the present day, Muslims are in unanimous agreement that they enjoy the same rights and carry the same responsibilities as Muslims themselves, while being free to practice their own faiths.
For this reason there exists a relationship of mercy and spiritual kinship between them and the Muslims. Jews who believe in the authentic Torah are very close to Muslims. O Allah, take the Jews, the treacherous aggressors. O Allah, take this profligate, cunning, arrogant band of people.
O Allah, they have spread much tyranny and corruption in the land. Pour Your wrath upon them, O our God. Lie in wait for them. O Allah, take this oppressive, Jewish Zionist band of people. O Allah, do not spare a single one of them. O Allah, count their numbers, and kill them, down to the very last one. I will participate in a Muslim-Christian meeting, but with the Jews there should be no debate.
They have shed our blood, killed our children, displaced our people, seized our lands, and usurped our rights. They have committed great injustice, and I cannot possibly shake hands with them. Their hands are soiled with blood. They have murderous, violent, and oppressive hands. I cannot soil my hands by shaking theirs. The last punishment was carried out by Hitler.
By means of all the things he did to them — even though they exaggerated this issue — he managed to put them in their place. This was divine punishment for them Allah Willing, the next time will be at the hand of the believers. Apostasy Al-Qaradawi says that apostasy — Muslims leaving Islam — is a grave danger to the Muslim community and that it is the duty of all Muslims "is to combat apostasy in all its forms and wherefrom it comes, giving it no chance to pervade in the Muslim world".
He considers execution as a penalty in principle, but the only apostates that are to be executed are those that combine other crimes with apostasy e. He also advocates apostates to be given a chance to repent.
Finally, he believes that "hidden apostasy" where the apostate does not "proclaim" his conversion may be left to the judgement of God in the Hereafter. He says "These people are not noticed when they invade or begin to disseminate their falsehood, but they are mostly felt when they affect the minds. They do not use guns in their attacks, however, their attacks are fierce and cunning. We are not a state for mullahs. He denies that Palestinian suicide bombing attacks constitute terrorism, claiming, "when Palestinians face such unjust aggression, they tend to stem bloodletting and destruction and not to claim the lives of innocent civilians," but qualifies that with "I do agree with those who do not allow such martyr operations to be carried out outside the Palestinian territories.
Afifi al-Akiti , rules that there is no Islamic legal precedent for this view and that female soldiers can only be killed in direct combat. With regards to suicide bombings he says that they are "breaching the scholarly consensus The French Foreign Minister Michel Barnier wrote to al-Qaradawi: "With such a clear condemnation of the abduction of the French hostages you have sent a clear-cut message demonstrating respect for the tenets of Islam.
He has also justified his views by stating that all Israeli civilians are potential soldiers, since Israel is a "militarized society". Because of these views, al-Qaradawi has been accused by Western countries and Israel of supporting terrorism. For example, on 20 March , he condemned a car bombing that had occurred in Doha, Qatar the previous day. One Briton, Jon Adams was killed. Al-Qaradawi issued a statement that said Such crimes are committed by insane persons who have no religious affiliation and play well into the hands of the enemies I urge all Qataris to stand united in facing such an epidemic and uproot it to nip the infection in the bud, otherwise it will spread like wildfire.
I, in the name of all scholars in Qatar, denounce such a horrendous crime and pray that it would be the last and implore God to protect this secure country.
According to IslamOnline, Qaradawi released a fatwa on 14 April stating boycott of American and Israeli products was an obligation for all who are able. Each riyal, dirham For this reason, it is an obligation not to help them the enemies of Islam by buying their goods. To buy their goods is to support tyranny, oppression and aggression.
Buying goods from them will strengthen them; our duty is to make them as weak as we can. Our obligation is to strengthen our resisting brothers in the Sacred Land as much as we can. If we cannot strengthen the brothers, we have a duty to make the enemy weak. If their weakness cannot be achieved except by boycott, we must boycott them American goods, exactly like "Israeli" goods, are forbidden.
It is also forbidden to advertise these goods. America today is a second Israel. It totally supports the Zionist entity. The usurper could not do this without the support of America.
America has done this for decades without suffering the consequences of any punishment or protests about their oppressive and prejudiced position from the Islamic world. He asked all of the Palestinian people to work with other Arab people and Muslims around the world to destroy Israel, saying inflammatory things such as "Our wish should be that we carry out Jihad to death" and "We should seek to liberate Palestine, all of Palestine, inch by inch. Conversely, individuals are prohibited from carrying out suicide bombings on their own.
The longest reign of the Jews lasted for years. The Jewish state in Nablus lasted for years and the former for This is the longest period that the Jews reigned. So those who claim that they have a long history in Israel are liars. That history lasted for only years. The Arabs, on the other hand, have been present in Palestine since the days of the Jebusites and the Canaanites, that is 30 centuries before the birth of Christ.
Their history under the umbrella of Islam lasted for more than 14 centuries or even longer. Before the advent of Islam, there had been no Jews in Palestine because since 70 C. He also suggested that the trial was "an act of vengeance by the Americans" for his missile attacks on Israel. He strongly criticized the way Saddam was hanged:  A human soul must be respected. These people did not respect the human soul.
The man was calm and kept his cool. He refused to be blindfolded, and insisted upon facing death with open eyes.. The thing that improves [the record] of Saddam Hussein is that in his final years — as the brothers in Iraq tell us — he was a changed man.
He began to strictly observe the prayers, to read the Quran, and to do charitable work. He would hasten to do anything that may help people. He would help build mosques, and would say that if anybody wants to build a mosque, the government should pay half the cost of the building materials.
When they entered his secret hideout and caught him, they found a prayer carpet and an open Quran. He added "Shias agree with the Sunnis in the main principles of Islam while the differences are only over the branches" and also called upon the Sunnis and Shia of Iraq to end the civil war.
Now we know what the Iranians want They want continued massacres to kill Sunnis. He suggested weapons be sent to the rebels to assist the, and said "Our Islamic nation should stand against injustice and corruption and I urge the Egyptian government to extend a helping hand to Libyan people and not to Gaddafi. The Shias are revolting against the Sunnis.
He acknowledged that the Shia majority had legitimate concerns in regards to fairness with the Sunnis: "I want them to be real citizens of their country. He claimed that when he offered to mediate negotiations between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Syrian government, someone deliberately sabotaged it. Accordingly, women as well as men can dedicate themselves to Allah, and play a role in jihad.
There are genius women just as there are genius men. Ingenuity is not a monopoly for men. It is not in vain that the Holy Quran tells us the story of a woman who led men wisely and bravely and made her people fare the best end: it is the Queen of Sheba , whose story with Solomon is told in Surat Al Naml.
I have observed in the University of Qatar that girls make better students than boys.
Fiqh of Jihad: Book Review of Shaykh al-Islam al-Qaradawi’s Masterpiece on Jihad
Rashid al-Ghannushi In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Beneficent The importance of this conference is due to its focus on the most critical concept in contemporary Islamic thought- that of Jihad, which occupies an important position in the edifice of Islam. Those views, moreover, have an effect on relations between Muslims themselves, with their governments, and with non-Muslims, in view of the awakening witnessed across the Muslim world, both at the level of faith and the level of practice. This paper owes its importance to the position of the figure whose views on this crucial concept it attempts to present — that is Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, who occupies an important position in contemporary Islam, as testified by his role at various levels: at the intellectual level, his writings have exceeded works, covering all aspects of Islamic thought. In addition to his membership of the major intellectual and juristic councils, he was elected President of the International Union of Muslim Scholars, as well as being the chairman of the European Council for Fatwa and Research and a number of charity organisations, and a member of various Islamic Studies academic committees, including the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. The fruits of this work are presented in a momentous book of two volumes, in which he puts forward, from the wasati perspective, his views on this critical issue, elaborating his theory on jihad, which he hopes will contribute towards forming consensus on this grave matter. However, our problem in such grave matters is that the truth gets lost between the two extremes of exaggeration and laxity. So, what are the foundations of this methodology?
It should, because of his vast influence and his long track record as an accurate barometer of mainstream Arab views. And unlike the Gamaa leaders or Dr. Qaradawi is different. Qaradawi, an intensely controversial figure in the West, appears on a weekly al-Jazeera program and is probably the single most influential Sunni Islamist figure in the Arab world.