HORTUS CLIFFORTIANUS PDF

Title page of Hortus Cliffortianus The Hortus Cliffortianus is a work of early botanical literature published in Clifford, a wealthy Amsterdam banker was a keen botanist with a large herbarium and governor of the Dutch East India Company. He had the income to attract the talents of botanists such as Linnaeus and artists like Ehret. Together at the Clifford summer estate Hartecamp , which was located south of Haarlem in Heemstede near Bennebroek , they produced the first scholarly classification of an English garden.

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Linnaeus and Hortus Cliffortianus Goutweed, Aegopodium podagraria. Clifford commissioned Linnaeus to create the Hortus Cloffortianus, a catalogue of the plants in his garden and herbarium. Meeting Introduction page to the Hortus Cliffortianus. In , on a visit to the house of the botanist Johannes Burman , Clifford was introduced to an up-and-coming young Swedish botanist, Carl Linnaeus, who was living and working there.

Clifford had a tendency to hypochondria and was no doubt pleased to have a physician on his doorstep. The baroque frontispiece to the Hortus Cliffortianus. Symbolic book The Hortus Cliffortianus contains a number of illustrations by Jan Wandelaar Early classification Linnaeus arranged the plants according to his own sexual system, classifying them into groups based on the numbers and form of their male and female parts. Each species was allocated to a genus, and given a short phrase-name in Latin, describing the features which served to distinguish one species from another.

Linnaeus also included synonyms of earlier authors, distributional information, and sometimes a short description. Consequently, many of his binomial names are based on the specimens contained in the Clifford herbarium, and it contains a great many type specimens for Linnaean names.

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Hortus Cliffortianus

Linnaeus and Hortus Cliffortianus Goutweed, Aegopodium podagraria. Clifford commissioned Linnaeus to create the Hortus Cloffortianus, a catalogue of the plants in his garden and herbarium. Meeting Introduction page to the Hortus Cliffortianus. In , on a visit to the house of the botanist Johannes Burman , Clifford was introduced to an up-and-coming young Swedish botanist, Carl Linnaeus, who was living and working there.

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Linnaeus and Hortus Cliffortianus

Systematic ordering within the book Linnaeus ranked the plant species according to a sexual system which he himself had designed. The system is based on the number and shape of both male and female reproductive parts which determine the class into which the plant species is placed. Within this system every species was placed in a genus and given its own unique Latin adjective which often described the character which distinguishes it from the other species. Example given with picture from HC. Linnaeus also added synonymies — names which had previously been used by other authors for the same species. Through the use of these synonymies, the herbarium collections which formed the basis of the Hortus Cliffortianus provide a reference to the evolution of the concepts of systematic ordering from Tournefort to Linnaeus. Occasionally Linnaeus also provided some further information concerning the distribution of the species and a short description thereof.

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