The designation "Rabbati" derives apparently from the verse: "How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of rabbati people" Lam. The Structure Lamentations Rabbah is an exegetical Midrash which expounds the Book of Lamentations verse by verse, and sometimes word by word. It is a compilation of various expositions and aggadot. The work is divided into five sections, corresponding to the chapters of the Book of Lamentations. These are of the classical type of proem found in amoraic Midrashim, introduced by an extraneous verse which is subsequently connected with the beginning of the Book of Lamentations.
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Towards evening he reached a small village, where he espied a girl filling her pitcher at the village well. The only addition I can give you to it is my prayer that the Lord may aid you to retain your kindly nature through life. At Sinai the Israelites carried a glorious weapon with the name of God inscribed on it. They were deprived of it after making the golden calf. When p. The watchmen of the town were presented to them, as being what they asked for.
What we want to see is your real protectors: your schools, your teachers and their pupils. Balaam the son of Beor and Abinimos the Gardite, who were considered the wisest men amongst their people at the time, were consulted how to act in order to effect a serious injury to the Israelites.
The advice of these two wise men was, to find out whether there were any elementary schools for the instruction of the rising generation amongst the Jews. For you should remember the words in connexion with the blessings they have received: "the voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esau. He who trains a bad pupil must expect discredit. There was harmony between God and his people when He redeemed them from Egypt.
They have sinned and broken that harmony, and become separated from their God. At the destruction of the Temple, whilst some of the enemy were busy with the plunder of gold and silver, the men of Ammon and Moab sought to lay hands on the scrolls of the Pentateuch, as it is there written Deut. When the chief of the place had her sons brought before an image of an idol and bade them bow down before it, six of the sons, each in his turn, stubbornly declined to do so, each basing his refusal on a different Biblical passage showing the prohibition of idolatry; and each on his refusal to comply with the mandate of the savage paid the penalty of death.
When at last the turn of the youngest son came, and he, like his elder brothers, refused to bow down before the idol, the perpetrator of this wholesale slaughter seemed to be overcome with something like pity for the young life, and tried, instead of violence, his persuasive powers, and argued with the youngster to induce compliance with his orders.
Has your God a mouth, as you p. He has no eyes, yet I know that the eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the land Zech. He has no bodily ears, but he hearkens and hears Mal. Thus perished the mother and all her seven sons. God in his love and mercy provides the remedy even before the disease visits us. He sent the sweet balm of comfort through one prophet before another of his prophets uttered his lamentations over the woes and sorrows which had overtaken Jerusalem and its people.
Lamentations 1. They erred with their tongue Jer. They committed iniquity with their hands Isa.
Eichah - Lamentations - Chapter 1
It begins with 36 consecutive proems forming a separate collection, certainly made by the author of the Midrash. They constitute more than one-fourth of the work 47bb in the Venice ed. These proems and, perhaps, most of the annotations, which are arranged in the sequence of the verses 52cb , originated in the discourses of which, in olden times, the Book of Lamentations had been the subject. The haggadic explanation of this book—which is a dirge on the fall of the Jewish state and the extinction of the national splendor—was treated by scholars as especially appropriate to the Ninth of Ab , to the day of the destruction of the Temple, and to the eve of that fast-day comp.
It begins with 36 consecutive proems forming a separate collection, certainly made by the author of the Midrash. They constitute more than one-fourth of the work 47bb in the Venice ed. These proems and, perhaps, most of the annotations, which are arranged in the sequence of the verses 52cb , originated in the discourses of which, in olden times, the Book of Lamentations had been the subject. The haggadic explanation of this book—which is a dirge on the destruction of the first and second Temples in Jerusalem and the national destruction that came along with it—was treated by scholars as especially appropriate to the Ninth of Ab , to the day of the destruction of the Temple, and to the eve of that fast-day comp. Contents Relation to Bereshit Rabbah 2 Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography 3 External links 4 The Proems The sources from which Yerushalmi drew must have been accessible to the author of Eichah Rabbah, which was certainly edited some time after the completion of the former, and which probably borrowed from it.
Hebrew Chapter 1 1 O how has the city that was once so populous remained lonely! She has become like a widow! She that was great among the nations, a princess among the provinces, has become tributary. This is the scroll that Jehoiakim burned on the brazier that was on the fire sic. It [originally] contained three alphabetical acrostics Lam. There are many Aggadic midrashim [on this verse], but I have come to explain the language of the Scripture according to its literal meaning. She has become like a widow: but not really a widow; rather, like a woman whose husband went abroad and intends to return to her.