La tragedia que vamos a analizar se llama Las Troyanas de Eurpides, esta tragedia fue representada en el ao a. C poca gloriosa en Atenas. Esta obra, que posteriormente vamos a analizar, es parte de una triloga de obras. La primera obra que forma esta triloga se titula Alejandro y la segunda Palamedes Las Troyanas narran los das posteriores de la derrota de Troya, se centra sobre todo en el destino de las troyanas que sern vendidas como esclavas y nos cuentan el destino que tienen los griego preparados para Hcuba, que es la mujer de Pramo rey mtico de Troya , el destino de Casandra y Polxena que son sus hijas, Andrmaca mujer de Hctor hijo de Hcuba y Pramo y por ltimo Helena desencadenante de toda la tragedia. El tema principal de la obra, en una visin general, es la desdicha que trae consigo la guerra, pero no slo para los vencidos en este caso los Troyanos sino para todos los que participan tanto los vencidos como los ganadores.
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Why read it? Why would Euripides , a Greek dramatist, choose The Trojan Women as the subjects of one of his greatest plays? Did he have a reason in presenting this controversial play to an Athenian audience? Be patient with me, oh, Reader. Each question has an answer. No question presented here is Rhetorical. I do not engage in the ancient art of classical Oratory. Nor do I engage in the art of Sophistry for I believe Deception to be among the most lowest practices among Men or Gods. Once, in my youth, I was known as a Scholar of the Classical World.
For this I was awarded Prizes. I have Trophies and Books proclaiming my knowledge of the ways of an ancient world. In the naivete of my youth I did not realize how closely the age in which I lived mirrored a world I thought had vanished so long ago.
I studied the Greek and Roman Epics. I knew the histories of each of these Worlds, and what led to their Downfalls. Now, in my older years, I look at the events of this World in which we now live.
I am dismayed. For I see we have learned little. You think we live in an Age of Wonders. Oh, yes. In many ways we do. Information is available at our fingertips.
We communicate with one another at a pace that satisfies our urges for instant gratification. We have little patience, do we not? I have lived through wars. I have lived through tensions between great nations. I have lived through a time where we stood on the brink of the destruction of this Planet. Some called it a Cold War. But it became dangerously hot. Wisdom seemed to prevail.
For generations. And even the Cold war disappeared. The danger of nuclear war faded into obscurity. But, Oh, Reader, contemplate the current State of the times in which we live now. Determine whether you find yourself Comfortable. I will give you a few moments to consider these things. Then we will consider continuing this discourse. Have you thought about it? Of course, I am sure you know of the Trojan War. How the Greeks, the Achaeans, banded together to lay siege to the City of Troy to preserve the honor of Menelaus, a King, who lost his wife Helen to Paris, a son of Troy.
How they fought for ten years before breaching the walls of Troy through deception. How Troy fell. How the House of Troy was destroyed, the Trojan Women were enslaved and distributed to the leaders of Greece as slaves, as Concubines. And, how the Greeks offended the very Gods who had supported them in their efforts to bring about the downfall of Troy. How those very Gods then turned upon their favored revenants and sought to destroy them because of their faithlessness. Why then, would Euripides tell this story to an Athenian audience?
Because Athens was at war with Sparta. Had been at war with Sparta in the Peleponessian War for many years. At this time, the Arrogance of the Athenians had led them to sack the City of Melos. They killed every one of the men of Melos. They sold everyone of the women and children of Melos into slavery. Euripides chose the Trojan Women as his protagonists in this play to show the Athenians the error of their Hubris when a dominant nation conquers a lesser one for its own prideful purposes.
And Euripides knew that as he was presenting this play, the same Athenians were planning a war against the Empire of Syracuse. In his wisdom, Euripides, predicted it would be a disaster that would lead to the downfall of Athens and their subjection forever to their long time enemy Sparta. Euripides in this tragedy attempted to show his fellow Athenians that war only led to tragedy.
That the only result of engaging in War was Futility. That those who suffered the most were the Widows, the Orphans of those who died in War. Euripides was correct. Athens began its war against Syracuse the very year The Trojan Women was presented. The War was a disaster. The entire Athenian Expedition of two hundred ships and thousands of men were wiped out in a single stroke.
In BC, Athens fell to Sparta forever. The wailing of Widows and Orphans was great. On January 6, , North Korea exploded another Nuclear device. North Korea claims it was a Hydrogen device. This week Middle Eastern nations have severed diplomatic nations with Iran. In the United States, at no time has the country been more divided between liberal and conservative right wings of the government. The anonymous faces of ISIS continue to commit terrorist acts about the world. Gun lobbyists in the United States continue to control resistance to reasonable effots to achieve gun control.
The Innocent continue to cry. Hubris remains alive and well.
Las troyanas (Eurípides)
"Las Troyanas" de Eurípides - Una vista general