LECYTHIS PISONIS PDF

Description and Ethnobotany Growth Form It is a tree, up to 20 m tall. Bark is grey to dark brown and deeply fissured. Twigs are densely hairy when young, and becoming hairless as it matures. Tree may grow new leaves and flush red before flowering. Foliage Leaves are ovate to widely elliptic 6 — 18 cm long and 3 — 8 cm wide , dark green and leathery, with lobed leaf margin crenate.

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Description and Ethnobotany Growth Form It is a tree, up to 20 m tall. Bark is grey to dark brown and deeply fissured. Twigs are densely hairy when young, and becoming hairless as it matures. Tree may grow new leaves and flush red before flowering. Foliage Leaves are ovate to widely elliptic 6 — 18 cm long and 3 — 8 cm wide , dark green and leathery, with lobed leaf margin crenate. Leaf has 10 — 20 pairs of secondary veins. Leaf tip is acuminate, while leaf base is rounded to obtuse and extends narrowly towards the petiole.

Petiole is 0. Leaves are deciduous and drops annually for new leaves to grow. Young leaves flush red and turning cream to light green then dark green as it matures.

Flowers Inflorescence occurs in racemes and axillary position. The stalk is about 3 — 15 cm long and consist of 6 — 20 flowers. Inflorescence has a leaf-like bract at the base and 2 ovate bracteoles, which may fall off early.

Flower is 3 — 7 wide and comprises of 6 oval shaped purple lobes 0. Petals always fade to white after falling. The hood containing the stamens is flat 1. The anthers inside the hood is white or light yellow when fresh and becoming black. There are — stamens on the staminal ring. Fruits Fruit is woody, brown coloured, and has a roundish, oblong or spinning-top shaped turbinate about 6 — 15 cm long and 8.

It splits open like a pot and lid when ripe. The woody fruit wall is up to 3 cm thick. There are 10 — 30 seeds inside each fruit, the seeds about 4 — 6 cm long and 2. Habitat It is found growing along rivers and non-flooded forests.

Associated Fauna Flowers are pollinated by Carpenter bees. Seeds are dispersed by fruit bats. Etymology The genus Lecythis is greek for XevOos, which means oil-jar, referring to the urn-like or pot-like fruits. The species pisonis, is named after William Piso who published the Historia Naturalis Brasiliae in To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.

However, high concentration of selenium is found in the seeds and excessive consumption may result in selenium poisoning. Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal.

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Lecythis pisonis

Monkey-pot-tree Health Benefits of Monkey pot Monkey pot contains enormous amounts of nutrients, minerals and amino acids which provide various health benefits which are described below: Treat arthritis Copper possess an anti-inflammatory properties which helps to reduce the arthritis symptoms. The people wear the copper bracelets to treat this health condition. Copper is an aid for the arthritis. The copper is stored in the water the whole night and drink that water in the morning to strengthen the muscular system.

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